Advance Driver Assistance System for Indian Road and Traffic Scenario

Author Name(s): Mr. Abhijit S. Titarmare, Dr. Milind M. Khanapurkar, Miss. Indrayani B. Dhotre
Author Email: abhijit.titarmare@raisoni.net1

Abstract

There are many differences between Indian road and traffic structure compare to foreign road and traffic scenario. Many Driver assistance systems failed in such heavy traffic and congested road structure. The proposed Advanced Driver Assistance System is modified system especially for Indian roads. Road detection is difficult because of poor lane marking and compact roads plans. Because of insufficient space the traffic congestion is more which makes vehicle detection difficult. The proposed system presents the solution for these problems. The road boundaries and edges of drivable lane is detected using Hough Transformation. While on road obstacles are detected from comparing the present and previous frames of video. The safety alerts will be given if other vehicles are too close to car or in Region of Interest (RoI) area. The comparison of road scenario around world is also presented in paper.

Introduction

India is the fastest growing nation. As second populated of nation in the world and due to insufficient transportation space the Indian roads are always loaded with heavy and congested traffic. There is death occur of one person in every four minutes in India due to road accident. Near about 1214 vehicle collisions occurs every day in India [1]. The poor judgment of immature driver increases the higher chances of accidents and crashes. The proposed Advanced Driver Assistance System is helping mechanism for driver. The main purpose of ADAS system is the driver’s and vehicle safety. The system follows three main strategies which LKA (Lane Keep Assist), ACC (Adaptive Cruise Control), and PCS (Pre-Crash System). The LKA (lane keep assist) system keep the host vehicle driving inside the roadway, keep eye on road marking and signs on side way and the ACC (adaptive cruise control) is used to calculate distance between front or side cars and alerting driver if he goes too close, and PCS (pre-crash system) will keep alerting host car driver about distance and if driver ignores the alerts the PCS will pull off the emergency breaks automatically. Using these three features the system will alert the driver. The alert will be display on the screen on dashboard. The intensity of traffic is much higher in India compare to aboard. Figure 1 shows the difference between Indian Traffic scenario and USA traffic scenario. The size and shapes of vehicles are also plays important role when it comes to detect on road vehicles. Numbers of two wheelers, three wheelers as well as four wheelers are more in India where in aboard the big transportations are used.

Conclusion

In this paper, the presentation of Advanced Driver Assistance System especially for Indian Road scenario is shown. The result shows the systematic tracking and detection of roads, vehicle in all scenarios by boosting the capabilities like ACC (Adaptive Cruise Control), LKA (Lane Keep Assist), and PCS (Pre-crash System). In spite of structure difficulties, chaotic traffic and congested roads the system worked properly and alert driver whenever objects detected in region of interest. The system can be loaded with other function like Automatic emergency breaking, Tire pressure warning system, Parking cameras and sensors, Temperature sensor, Heat sensor, Smoke Detector etc. For more accurate results the sensors like Millimeter wave radar Sensor (MMW), Engine Coolant temp (ECT), Wheel Speed Sensor, Tire Pressure sensor (TPMS) etc. can be implemented on the vehicle which will give the accurate on-time calculations.

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