Author Name(s): *Divya. S .Kasarle
Author Email: dkasarle@gmail.com


Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar (specifically, glucose) in the blood. India, already the diabetic capital of the world, 70 million people might get affected by 2015. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels or A1C levels are slightly higher than normal. People with prediabetes can substantially reduce their risk of developing diabetes by losing weight and increasing physical activity. Diabetes develops when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively, or both. When your blood sugar level is higher than the normal range for a long time, you may have a greater chance of a heart attack, a stroke, kidney damage, or blindness. Other long-term complications of diabetes include bone and joint disorders, skin problems, digestive problems, sexual dysfunction, and problems with your teeth and gums.


Diabetes, A1C levels, insulin, blood sugar, complications, prediabetes.


Diabetes the silent killer kills part by part of our life. Some of the common causes known to all are: Living a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, junk foods and heredity. But most of the people are unaware of the actual causes of the condiotion. Diabetes mellitus type 1 ( insulin dependent or juvenile diabetes) is a form of diabetes that results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas further leading to Ketoacidosis whereas type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are loss of weight, polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). Prolonged high blood glucose can cause glucose absorption in the lens of the eye, resulting in vision changes. Blurred vision is a common complaint. It can lead to Diabetic retinopathy and Glaucoma. Skin rashes can occur in diabetes collectively known as diabetic dermadromes. Diabetes can also be related to malnutrition which is referred to as Malnutrition Related Diabetes Mellitus (MRDM). In this type of diabetes pancreas fails to produce insulin. People diagnosed with MRDM are lean and under nourished.
Normal blood sugar ranges:
The fasting blood glucose levels are between 70-110 mg/dL of blood. After meals, it may increase up to 130-140mg/d


It is rightly said that “Prevention is better than cure” we can take measures to prevent diabetes at least by having healthy food, and avoiding possible causes of diabetes (except hereditary factor). Control Your Weight, avoid using electronic devices for long period of time, Choose whole grains and whole grain products over highly processed carbohydrates, Skip the sugary drinks, Choose probiotics and vitamin
enriched foods, Limit red meat and avoid processed meat; choose nuts, whole grains, like chana, jau, pulses. If You Smoke, or drink Try to Quit.

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