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The eye is considered to be a transparent medium for judging various diseases and mainly problems incurred inside the heart. The eye anatomy is such that it responds to most of the heart problems and hence makes a suitable option for using it for screening .The screening hence decided was just the non-invasive way of analysing the parameters which included cholesterol level , age, gender, smoking status, BMI status, glucose level etc. For the screening, the image of the retina and iris of patient under test will be taken and passed to processing units. Eye’s image so processed is resulted for three major parameters including cholesterol level, age and glucose level respectively. The numbers of parameters extracting from eyes will be increased only to improve accuracy of this screening. The whole analysis can be carried out by any person would be able to keep an eye on cardiovascular health.
The cardiovascular system consists of the blood (approximately 5 litres), blood vessels and heart. It is also responsible for transportation of nutrients, cellular waste products, oxygen and hormones throughout the body. The heart powers the cardiovascular system which makes it the body’s hardest-working organ. Even at rest, the average heart easily pumps over 5 litres of blood throughout the body every minute. Any diseases which involve the heart or blood vessels can be considered as cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVDs include various diseases, to mention a few, they are- angina , myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack),stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, cardiomyopathy, aortic aneurysms, congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, heart arrhythmia.
Through this project, the non-invasive way of analyzing the parameters for cardiovascular disease risk was screened in order to bypass the invasive or traditional methods .The idea so suggested not only reduces the tediousness of carrying out the invasive screening but also the scope of improvement is prevailed. The detailed image analysis of eye and its anatomy subjectively supports the facts and figures required to analyse about parameters of cardiovascular disease risk. The cholesterol level, age and hypertension collectively were prioritized as the quintessential parameter to judge through retina and iris of respective people in order to analyse the CVD risk.
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