The Organizational Role Stress among the Doctors of Government and Private Medical College in Nagpur

Author Name(s): Dr. Gayathri Band
Author Email: bandgs@rknec.ed

Abstract

The organizational stress is said to be the cause of all those factors in the organization that causes stress to an individual employee and have negative organizational ill effects. Findings of the present study revealed that Health care Professionals are suffering from organizational role stress. The mean value 65.83 for total ORS private is quite high. The level of stress on Inter Role Distance (IRD) is the highest (9.02), followed by Role stagnation (7.55). Along with these two stressors (RO) and (RIn) is above 7, the level of stress on three stressors i.e. Role Erosion, personal inadequacy and Role expectation conflicts is above 6, which is again on a higher side. The mean value is 77.84 for total ORS public is quite high comparatively. The level of stress on role stagnation (RS) is the highest (9.81), followed by Role expectation conflict (7.55). Along with these two stressors (RE) and (IRD) is above 7, the level of stress on three stressors i.e. Resources inadequacy, personal inadequacy and Role expectation inadequacy is above 7, which is again on a higher side.

Keywords Organizational Role Stress, Inter Role Distance, Role Stagnation, Role Expectation Conflict, Role Erosion, Role Overload, Role Isolation, Personal Inadequacy, Self-Role Distance, Role Ambiguity, Resource Inadequacy

Introduction

The organizational stress is said to be the cause of all those factors in the organization that causes stress to an individual employee and have negative organizational ill effects. The employee stress may cause absenteeism, burn out, performance issues, lack of trust, motivation etc. There might be lot of factors causing organizational change such as organizational structure, leadership style, demand of task & roles, quality of work, change in businesses processes etc. The potential threats have basically shifted from short-term decision making to long-term decision making. All the negative experiences an individual employee experiences at work increases the probability for developing work related stress-disorders. All stress related to workplace situations are known as Organizational Role Stress. An employee who is exposed to Organizational Role Stress for longer periods of time are likely to get burnt-out, decreased overall performance and it also affects co-workers morale negatively (Ratna et al., 2013, p. 361). Ratna et al. (2013, p.361) emphasizes that Organizational Role Stress is present in all types of organizations. Apart from serious illness of individuals, Organizational Role Stress decreases employee productivity, which affects the overall competiveness of the organization (Bano et al., 2011, pp. 109-110). Longer exposures to Organizational Role Stress may also decrease the quality of services and products, poor client relationships, dysfunctional work climate and high labor turnover (Bano et al., 2011, pp. 109-110).

Conclusion

According to ORS the total of all the factors is highest in public organization i.e. 77.84 The total of all the stressors is high in public organization comparing to private organization . The mean value is 65.83 for total ORS in private is quite high where the mean value of public is 77.84 for total ORS is comparatively more higher than the private. In private & public maximum number of doctors are under medium stress level. So it can be conclude that the level of stress of all the stressors are equal.  The level of stress in Role stagnation (RS) is the highest (9.81) in public where the level of stress in Inter Role Distance (IRD) is private highest (9.02), so here it can be conclude that in public organisation most of the doctors feel stagnant in their role and in private most of the doctors are under inter role distance stressor. In private the doctors of the age group (32-37 yrs) comes under the inter role distance stressors while in public the doctors of age group (32-37 yrs) undergoes the stressors of role stagnant and role erosion so, it can be conclude that the doctors of public and private are under different stressors with respect to the age. The doctors of public organization having the experience of (0-5 yrs) are having more stress in them while the doctors of private organization having the experience of (5-10yrs) are under more stress. According to ORS total stressors the doctors who are divorcee are having more stress comparing to the doctors of private organization who are married.

 

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