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In this paper, the key problems on development of state institutions in the context of globalization, as well as the antinomic processes of political standardization and legal unification of state power systems are discussed. The authors examine and substantively analyze various positions and approaches on interpreting the globalization processes, their evaluation and forecasting of state-legal development in the 21st century. The paper substantiates that the global transformation of a state, law, civil society forms a challenge to national systems of state power, their sovereignty and independence of legal policy. The authors argue that globalization will qualitatively enrich and complicate the role of state power in modern society, preserve the importance of state institutions as a key player in international interaction and in the management of national processes. In conclusion, the paper substantiates the need to develop legal constructions and political forms that adequately describe the modern functioning of the institutions of state power and the prospects for their development in the cosmopolitan world. Keywords Power, Globalization, State, Qualitative Characteristics of Power Activity, Law, Legal Policy, Political System, Sovereignty
The globalization processes, unification of political development and standardization of socio-economic organization of different societies, legitimization (or delegitimization) of existing political regimes by the international community cause a fundamentally different era in the development of national states, another geopolitical matrix for assessing existing problems and threats, on the one hand, and options and prospects for civilizational interaction, on the other. This era is seen by many analysts as a “parade of soft sovereignties”, gradual desovereignization of state and legal spaces, destructon of “national-territorial instincts” (J.-F. Richard) of states that assume universal (network) management of global political processes, “humanitarian intervention”, standardization of economic and political reality. The political cliche and the estimated matrix of the transformations taking place have become the expression of the famous political scientist G. Kissinger about the fact that modern world processes testify to the “death” of the Westphalian system and the meaninglessness of the idea of state sovereignties, the idea of national and cultural development. If today it is customary to talk about sovereignty, then only in the context of unified (regional, interstate) global sovereignties, involving the integration of various states into a some politically unified (union, network) whole, into a qualitatively new form of “cosmopolitan organization” (U. Beck).
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