Author Email: *firstname.lastname@example.org
The main tendencies of using IT-technologies in work standardization are considered in the article. Development of Information Technologies in work standardization gives a possibility to reduce labor input of specialists in work standardization and to increase efficiency of their working hours. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the quality of labor expenditures standards: the reasons for poor quality of work standards at Russian enterprises are considered, the level of intensity of norms, distribution of workers according to the level of performance of standards, the specific weight of technically (scientifically) based standards are analyzed. The authors of the article presented the approximate scope of work of the specialist in work standardization and the structure of his automated workplace. The order and methods of development of automated systems of work standardization are shown, the algorithm of calculation of annual economic benefits from introduction of the automated standardization system is developed, and the example of calculation of labor input of the performed works in a shop of one of the Samara enterprises is given. The flow chart of the analysis of intensity of the existing standards is submitted, the main tendencies of improvement of a condition of work standardization at enterprises are given.
Establishing a context Increase in the role of work standardization as the most important function of production management is one of factors of management of labor productivity in modern Russia. Interest of enterprises in reduction of production expenditures (works), including labor costs, applies high requirements to organization of work on labor standardization, level of their informatization, quality of the established standards of labor expenditures, their progressiveness, reasonability equal to intensity. The Russian employers quite often underestimate the role of work standardization in increase in production efficiency. Weak informatization of work on labor standardization, use of unreasonable work standards and the outdated regulatory framework, reduction of the share of workers, consumed with labor standardization, adaptation of work time standards to the necessary salary level while application of low tariff rates does not stimulate high labor productivity level, they impede full disclosure and use of creative potential of workers. Work standardization is quite labor-intensive process because of considerable volumes of the processing information. In the period of common usage of computer IT- technologies for enterprises, there appeared an opportunity to automate the main activities on work standardization: the systems of calculation of time standards with use of computer technologies are created as autonomous systems; the systems of calculation of time standards in a uniform cycle with the automated design of technological processes are developed and introduced.
Work on improvement of labor standardization at Russian enterprises should be carried out in the following main directions: 1. The biggest possible expansion of the sphere of labor standardization (coverage of all employees and activities on labor standardization), which would provide measurement and assessment of labor of any category of workers. 2. Improvement of the quality of existing standards, their maximum approach to the level of necessary
labor input due to a wider use of the centrally developed standards and increase in reasonability of norms (standards) with account all of the factors influencing the value of labor input. 3. Improvement of regulatory and methodological base of labor standardization, i.e. expansion of development of the interindustrial and industrial standards as recommended ones; it allows not only providing substantial support of enterprises, especially to small ones, but also excluding duplication of development of similar standards, focusing an enterprise on the progressive level of labor organization. 4. Human resourcing: Realization of the specified tendencies in many respects depends on vocational training of the experts, who are engaged in organization and standardization of labor. For this purpose, it is necessary to provide training of specialists in higher education institutions according to applications of enterprises and professional development of enterprise employees. 5. Development of international cooperation: It is expedient to develop business connections with international and national organizations, advanced enterprises, which are engaged in scientific and practical activities in the field of organization of labor standardization. Now, when scientific and technological progress flourishes, to be effective and competitive in the market can be only enterprises, which are regularly updating the technological, information base and applying the latest computer technologies. Studying of various references and experience of a number of enterprises has shown that this problem in Russia is insufficiently worked. Thus, development of the integrated system of work automation in the field of labor standardization is necessary. In modern conditions, it is an important tendency of improvement of labor standardization at enterprises.
415 total views, 1 views today