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In this paper we wanted to substantiate the historical “request” of creating a sustainable development science. This situation is directly related to the problem of the relationship between culture and science. We have proven that the “metaphysical perception” of sustainable development is defined by the culture of international organizations. We affirm that research knowledge of the process of sustainable development is not formed due to the lack of a scientific subject. The current relationship between philosophy and scientific methodology allows us to choose the “ontology” and “method” for forming sustainable development science. We believe that the task of transferring the practical phenomena classified as “sustainable development” into the classical forms of scientific knowledge will happen in the near future. We reconstructed the philosophical concept of “ontology” and studied it as the methodological creation tool of sustainable development science. Choosing a name for sustainable development science attracts the resources of both semantics and semiotics. We wanted to differentiate the objects of ecology and sustainable development science and used the means of the systematic approach. Philosophy has provided our research with the method of “reflective analysis”. We clarified its modern function in science. Reflective analysis solves the problem of the creation of “transformed” scientific forms (models and knowledge) on the material of heterogeneous practices of sustainable development. In this article we present the first systematic definition of the object of sustainable development science. We consider “biosphere reserve” and “urban agglomeration” to be the “starting” areas of the case study of sustainable development.
Sustainable Development Science; Ontology; Reflective Analysis; Definition of the Object
The modern scientific world views the process of evolution in the context of biological sciences. We affirm the possibility of expanding the scope of the study of evolutionary processes Evolution can be seen as a reality that includes not only the world of living organisms, but also the universe of human activity. We propose to interpret sustainable development as a not yet studied evolutionary process of the noosphere (Le Roy, 1931; Teilhard, 1959; Vernadsky, 1944) [1-3]. Sustainable development is a “young” evolutionary process. It takes place on a material non-specific to biology. The peculiarity of sustainable development is the fact that it organizes life, nature, mind, society. What differentiates sustainable development from traditional evolutionary processes is the artificial component. We affirm that since the beginning of the 21st century sustainable development has real manifestations: technological, organizational and social. But the contents and form of this process remain unnoticed, eclipsed by the popularity of ecology and philosophy of environmental protection. Leading theorists have made evolutionary process conclusive. They formed such operational scientific concepts as “elementary evolutionary unit” and “elementary evolutionary phenomenon.” Representatives of paleontology passionately criticize evolutionary theory (Stahl, 1974; Lewin, 1981) [4, 5].
Creating sustainable development sustainable is a joint activity of history and scientific research teams. The objectification of the existence of the sustainable development process is a methodological problem to be solved with both the philosophical and scientific methods. The metaphysical status of sustainable development should be changed. The authority of scientific knowledge makes this task possible.
In sustainable development we set the task of developing the scientific paradigm. To date, the culture of sustainable development included: a) the definition of sustainable development; b) common human sense (the task of preserving the planet for future generations); c) regulations that limit all activities that deteriorate the environment. However, the cultural paradigm of sustainable development does not contain any research forms – knowledge about the object of sustainable development.
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