Author Email: diaz.Kadyrov@tatar.ru
The issues of improving the system of state regulation of agriculture have highly actualized subject to Russia’s accession to the WTO. Based on the materials provided by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation and the Center for Strategic Planning in the Agro-Industrial Complex, this paper deals with the behavior of the main indicators characterizing the effectiveness of measures of state support to the agro-industrial complex in the entities of the Federation of the Volga Federal District. The methods of comparative economic analysis were used, serving as the basis for groups of the VFD entities identified according to the criteria of profitability, impact of profitability and subsidies on the financial result. Such factor as profitability proved to be significant; in the Republic of Tatarstan it exceeds the facto of expenditures by 3.5 times. The analysis also revealed regions with abnormal indicators, such as Orenburg region – abnormally high indicators, and the Republic of Mari El – the most problematic area, requiring separate detailed consideration. As a result of the revealed imbalances, subject to the fact that the Russian Federation is gradually entering the WTO, it seems important to change the systems and methods of state support, regrouping if possible the state support funds of the village from the “yellow” to the 1″green”2 basket, and also use indicators per hectare, per liter and other more accurate indicators to determine the effectiveness of subsidies, which will reduce differentiation and disproportion and improve overall efficiency. As an example of the effectiveness of the proposed approach, the structure of these baskets for Saratov region as one of the developed and representative agricultural regions of the Russian Federation is presented.
In modern conditions, the problem of assessing the effectiveness of budget costs for the support for agricultural activities in the Russian Federation acquires special significance.On the one hand, an unfavorable conjuncture in the hydrocarbon market caused difficulties arising with the formation of the revenue side of the budget and the stability of the ruble exchange rate, on the other hand, food supply security, living standards, social stability and import substitution became more acute as a result of devaluation. The state support allows mitigating the consequences of non-equivalence in the exchange of agricultural goods with other sectors of the economy, create conditions for effective solution of the tasks of improving the quality of life, thus being an integral and important part of agrarian policy in virtually all developed countries. Another one of the most important and urgent problems of Russian agriculture development remains unresolved in the context of the country’s accession to the WTO, such as the transformation of the methods and ideology of support for the agro-industrial complex in the country. The need for the development and implementation of other complex and topical methods that will allow optimizing the costs for supporting agriculture in the conditions of competition and new budgetary constraints is exacerbated .Thus, all initiatives on and studies of the rationalization of resource allocation procedures aimed at increasing the effectiveness of the use of budget funds appear to be extremely relevant and important.
According to the calculations in Table 2, we present a diagram of the general effect of the factors on profit (Fig. 2). Group 1: this group of entities is characterized by the significant influence of the factor – profitability and high profit before taxation in the range of 4-8.5 billion rubles; it includes: Saratov region, the Republic of Tatarstan, Orenburg region, the Republic of Bashkortostan, and Penza region. Group 2: shows the average level of influence of factors and profit – [1-2.5 billion rubles]; it includes: the Republic of Mordovia, the Udmurt Republic, the Chuvash Republic, and Ulyanovsk Region. Group 3: shows low level of influence of factors and profit; it includes: Samara Region, Perm Territory, Kirov Region, and Nizhny Novgorod Region.We should particularly note the Republic of Mari El, which has a problematic dynamics and requires detailed research.Further research activity is aimed at using best practices and focusing on those regions that have achieved better results (groups 1 and 2) and recommending their approaches for reformatting state support measures for regions with low indicators, as they are located in one natural and climatic zone.The main task is to focus on improving the efficiency of the transition to the “green” basket during the first stage, and to the blue basket in the long run, as well as to show the actual change in the efficiency of this transition
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