Innovative Activity as a Factor of Anti-Crisis Development in the Conditions of State Support (On The Example of Naberezhnye Chelny)

Author Name(s): Ekaterina V. Krotkova, Aminova R. Mullamekhametovna
Author Email: nek_m@rambler.ru

Abstract

This paper deals with the features of innovative development within the framework of anti-crisis management. The problem of managing organizations in crisis conditions is most relevant today, while effective anti-crisis management should bring the organization to a new level of development. Innovations are relevant with timely anti-crisis management, a shortage of resources allows using effectively state support and conditions that make it possible to implement changes. The methodological basis of the study is a dialectical method of cognition and a systematic approach to the analysis of the studied facts and phenomena. Methods of analysis used in various combinations at each stage of the study, depending on the purpose of the study and the problems examined, contributed to the increase of the reliability and validity of the conclusions made by the author. The results of implementation of the programs of state support of small business in the Republic of Tatarstan of the Russian Federation, in particular in the city of Naberezhnye Chelny, are analyzed. Based on the analysis, the main problems arising in the implementation of state programs are outlined. It is emphasized that the implementation of state support programs for small and medium-sized businesses is an important factor in the innovative development of enterprises and the overall economy of the region. Such a conclusion allowed for a comparative analysis of two innovative sites of the Krai Innovative Platforms “Master” and Business Incubator in Naberezhnye Chelny. The paper substantiates the necessity of the subsequent monitoring of enterprises that have received state support.

Introduction

Anti-crisis management occupies an increasingly important niche in management theory and practice, as the problem of effective management in a multi-factor dynamic environment and uncertainty that contributes to crisis phenomena grows worse. The problem of managing organizations in crisis conditions is relevant for today’s Russia, and management faces the challenge of ensuring the sustainable functioning and development of organizations in the long term under recurring crises [1].

Some sources see the crisis as “… an extreme aggravation of intra-production and socio-economic relations in the internal environment of the organization, as well as relations with the external environment; state of destruction of the existing system of parameters of its activities” [2].

Accordingly, an effective anti-crisis management should bring the organization to a new level of development. According to Zakharov V. Ia., the main function of the crisis is the destruction of the least stable and viable elements [3].

In the economy, the crisis destroys many of the weakest and least expediently organized enterprises, eliminating obsolete methods of production, forms of organizing enterprises in favor of more modern ways and forms. Schumpeter spoke of “creative destruction”, understanding it as “the process of industrial mutation, which continuously reconstructs the economic structure from within, destroying the old and creating new one” [4]. According to the results of the research conducted by Cornell University (USA), INSEAD Business School (France) and the World Intellectual Property Organization in 2016, Russia ranks 43rd among 128 countries, having improved its position by five points as compared to the previous year [5]. At the same time, researchers at the Higher School of Economics, Gokhberg, Rud, point out that the effectiveness of innovation activity of the country is significantly weaker, which reflects a lack of effective implementation of the available innovative potential [6].

Conclusion

The main factor of crisis management is innovation, which is designed to bring the socio-economic system to a new level. At the same time, the introduction and development of innovations require

certain investments that have a long-term effect, but in the short term are associated with increased costs, which in turn is a problem in times of crisis. One way to solve this problem is to provide state support to economic entities. Granting favorable conditions for doing business by the state in order to increase the efficiency of activities, as research has shown, is a lenient factor rather than stimulator of innovative development and increased efficiency. Thus, innovative development, which is a factor in anti-crisis activities in the context of state support, is not effective enough and requires state control measures [14].

References

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