An IOT Based Environmental Radiation Monitoring Through Wireless Sensors Network

Author Name(s): G.Venkatesh, P.Chandramouli
Author Email: gangalavenkatesh437@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

This paper presents the functional design and integration of a complete WSN platform that can be used to remote environmental monitoring and target for IoT applications. The system of physical object devices, vehicles, buildings and other items embedded with sensors, electronics, software and network connectivity that enables these objects to collect and exchange data, this is called IoT. IoT is estimated to generate large amounts of data from diverse locations. IoT is one of the platforms for today’s smart city and smart energy management systems. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is used to monitor environmental conditions such as sound, pressure, temperature etc. The application requirements are long lifetime, low cost, fast deployment, low maintenance; high number of sensors and high quality of service are considered in the specification. Low-effort platform reuse is also considered for the specifications and design levels for a wide range of related monitoring applications.

INTRODUCTION

The Future internet, called as “Internet of things” is seen to be a worldwide network of interconnected objects with unique address having standard communication protocols. A system like sensors, RFID tags, computers, or mobile phones will be able to dynamically connect to the network, collaborate, and work efficiently to achieve different tasks. Including WSN platform in such a environment will open new directions or perspectives. Any physical system can be controlled and operated easily by using wireless technology if it is compared to manual operation. If this automation is considered for environmental monitoring, it responds very fast. Also it increases chances of secure communication, speed of the system operation. Human entered data was seen as a limiting factor for acquisition systems, cost and pervasiveness. Two main technologies are called as a key enablers for IoT are RFID i.e., Radio Frequency Identification Tag and WSN i.e., Wireless Sensor Network. While considering application field, WSNs plays very important role by collecting surrounding information and context. WSN helps to reduce physical efforts in the automated systems. WSN bring richer capabilities to IoT application for both sensing and actuation. The proposed system can be called as a smart system as it can measure parameters automatically. Sudden and gradual changes in environment had taken place in recent times because of human careless activities in relation to environment. This results in disasters which can cause harms to human lives. The system can intimate in advance to user about such causalities. This system also uses GSM module for the wireless control of environmental parameters. In this system, GSM network is used to give the status of each sensor connected to the controller on mobile. Applications and limitations of this monitoring system are discussed briefly.

CONCLUSION

Wireless Sensor Network is designed successfully and implemented for the purpose for which it has been designed. On observation of the performance it is concluded that the present system is reliable and variety of applications can be applied. Application parameters calculation and monitoring is precise and automatic even over the larger area. System can be monitor globally using uploaded data over internet. GSM is an alternative secure way to the internet. Parameters threshold can be changed depending upon the environment.

REFERENCES

[1] Mihai T. Lazarescu, “Design of a WSN platform for long-term environmental monitoring for IoT applications,” Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, IEEE Journal on, Vol.3, Issue.1 pp.45-54, 2013

[2] Datasheets of LPC 2138, www.nxp.com.

[3] Datasheets of PIR sensor, www.instructables.com/id/PIR-Motion-Sensor-Tutorial.

[4] Vasumsetty UdayAditya, “GSM based wireless control of elecrical appliances“, 2014

[5] Datasheets of RF Transreciever 2.4 Ghz , www.sunrom.com.

[6] J. Peng, X. Hongbo and W. Zheming, “Design of a Water Environment Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks”, SENSOR vol.9, No.8, pp: 6411-6434, 2009.

[7] Datasheets of GSMSIM900,XM1510S Quick Start Manual.

[8] I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankara subramaniam and E. Cayirci, “Wireless Sensor Networks: a survey”, Computer Networks, vol.38, pp: 393-422, 2002.

[9] J. Yang and X. Li, “Design and implementation of low-power wireless sensor networks for environmental monitoring,” Wireless Commun.,Netw. Inf. Security, pp. 593–597, Jun. 2010.

[10] M. Anisi, A. Abdullah and S. Razak, “Energy-Efficient Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 3 No. 10, 20

[11]Pascal Von Rickenbach,”Energy-Efficient Data Gathering in Sensor Networks”.

[12] Internet of Things in 2020: Road mapfor the Future,2008, online,http://www.smart-systems-integration.org/public/internetofthings.

 

 

865 total views, 1 views today

Download PDF File

About the author: admin