Knowledge Management; One of the Requirements in Today’s Organizations

Author Name(s): Rostam Pourrashidi*, Maryam Fahimi Nick, Mehdi Mehranpour
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Due to the globalization, the world today has gone through rapid and inevitable changes. Accordingly, the organizations have bound themselves to apply a novel style of management entitled “knowledge management” in order to be able to address these changes and guarantee their survival and growth. The objective in this research is to study knowledge management in Iranian organizations. The research method in this research is descriptive-analytic and the data collection instrument is researcher-made notes. Results suggested that the speed of changes and advancement in technology is extremely higher than the time needed for training specialists, holding training courses and human resources development. Not only technology changes with a high speed, but also, the products, production lines and regulations follow the same trend. Accordingly, the acceleration of knowledge production and its publication have been focused on. Iranian organizations are not an exception to this rule and more or less deal with similar issues like other organizations in other countries. Also, Iranian organizations are affected by these complicated and uncontrollable changes due to being located in the strategic region of Middle East and presence of various ethnicities, languages and cultures. Hence, knowledge and its management should be considered thoroughly in order to deal with these changes.


knowledge, information, knowledge management, Iranian organizations


Due to the globalization, the world today has gone through rapid and inevitable changes; changes that Toffler refer to as future shock [1]. In today’s world, organizations are increasingly dealing with dynamic and changing environment. Hence, in order to survive and grow, they have to adapt with the environmental changes. In other words, considering the accelerated pace of scientific, technologic, social and cultural changes and developments in today’s world, organizations are considered successful and efficient which in addition to coordinating with the changes in today’s society, can predict the changes path in the future and be able to direct these changes in the path of desirable changes for creating a better



Human knowledge doubles every 33 years. However, the human intellectual capacity doubles every 1.5-3 million years. Also, organizations have not been deprived of knowledge accumulation, so that the volume of the information in organizations and the necessity of using them in organizational decisions in the past couple of decades has led to emergence of phenomenon called knowledge management. This show the necessity of organizing, planning and refining the organizational knowledge along with the management of the process of accessing correct knowledge so that it is efficient and effective. In today’s era of knowledge, organizations have come to this understanding that they will not survive unless they have a strategy for managing and valuating their organizational knowledge. Hence, there have been strategies and cycles proposed for implementation of knowledge management. Considering the occurred changes in the world, the attention of the mangers and management theorists is directed towards the organizations intellectual properties. Knowledge management assists with the publication learning and innovation of modern knowledge. Today, knowledge is the most important property and the most significant competitive advantage of many organizations. In the meanwhile, in today’s changing organizations, the largest and most complex problem is to collect, store, recycle, search, distribute and retrieve knowledge. Exploiting knowledge and intellectual properties is a subject which has gained a lot of attention form the scientists. In fact, organizations use knowledge management in order to reach goals such as: Organizational growth, improving quality, increasing efficacy, profitability and preventing the waste of knowledge due to the retirements and personnel transfers.

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