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One of the key areas of development of the Russian economy is to increase energy efficiency, according to the Energy Strategy of Russia for the period until 2030. Our country has a huge potential for energy conservation, and its implementation will significantly reduce the energy intensity of the country’s GDP without increasing energy capacity, thus contributing to the economic growth. Currently, the maximum reserve of energy saving accounts for the industry, housing and communal services. A large amount of energy is consumed in these sectors, but most of it is spent irrationally. At the same time, a large amount of energy is lost during its distribution and transportation. The main reason is the high degree of wear and tear of equipment for the energy supply systems. Most of the main pipelines and equipment of energy systems have been in operation for over 30 years and are currently in poor condition. Due to the fact that the work of most industrial enterprises, housing and communal services and other sectors of the economy directly depends on the reliable and uninterrupted operation of energy systems, it becomes extremely important to maintain equipment and energy distribution systems in operable condition. The task is achieved by regularly diagnosing the technical condition of the equipment during transportation of energy carriers. In order to increase energy efficiency and reliability of energy transportation systems, we built the mathematical models of pipes of various geometric sizes and diameters for modeling soil pressure, developed an information technology complex, and conducted some laboratory tests within this work.
On November 23, 2009, the Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 261-FZ “On Energy Saving and Improving Energy Efficiency…” was adopted. It is aimed at efficient and rational use of energy resources, as well as supporting and stimulating energy conservation and increasing energy efficiency [1-5]. Russia has great potential for energy conservation, the implementation of which allows reducing the energy intensity of the country’s GDP without increasing energy capacities, thus contributing to the country’s economic growth. Currently, the maximum reserve of energy saving accounts for the industry, housing and communal services. At the same time, a large amount of energy is lost during its distribution and transportation.Energy losses in heating systems reach 60% (while this figure is much lower and amounts to 2-10% in European countries) [6-9]. One of the main reasons for such high energy losses is the high wear and tear of the energy transportation and distribution systems. The destruction of pipelines occurs due to the appearance of local defects in the walls of the pipe during the construction and operation, which subsequently causes not only energy leakage, heat loss, but more importantly, causes accidents that entail large material costs, significant environmental damage, and sometimes even human sacrifice.
In the future, it is planned to conduct a series of laboratory tests on pipelines of various sections, diameters, consisting of different materials. Mathematical modeling of the pipeline under the influence of various types of soil and at different depths will improve the reliability of their work. The developed technique for the diagnosis of equipment and pipelines of energy systems will significantly improve the efficiency of energy supply.
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