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With the transition to market relations, hunting tourism became an independent direction of work for hunting organizations of Russian Federation, and for most farms it became almost the only source of livelihood. The development of hunting tourism in the face of fierce competition is associated with the need to address legal, social, organizational, economic and environmental issues.
The development of market relations in Russian Federation could not help but have a negative effect on the economic and legal relations of any economic object, including the hunting farms. The “ideology” of the hunting system was destroyed, and not only in the economic aspect. In market economy conditions, all hunting enterprises, regardless of the form of ownership, are forced to seek new sources of funding for staff, material and technical base, and natural resource maintenance and development. A significant source of this process can and should be hunting tourism – one of the types of regional tourism . This type of tourist activity is carried out on the basis of hunting farms with the hunting for animals. According to experts, export-oriented hunting tourism can bring the annual income for Russian Federation in the amount of 15 million US dollars . Although private hunting areas appeared in the regions, along with the state ones, the key provisions for the use of hunting areas, hunting animals and even certain types of weapons need to be regulated strictly. There were also quite a few property owners who use this legislation gap “skillfully”, without worrying about the reproduction of natural resources.
The foregoing allows us to assert that in order to develop the competitive advantages of RF regional hunting farms it is necessary to develop the following: – The standards for the organization and the conduct of hunting tourism that meet international standards, focused on the ecological approach;- A special strategy for wild animal protection and use, including information and analytical support, monitoring, the system of sanctions and incentives; – The regional standards to establish the optimal density parameters of animals per 100 km2, taking into account seasonal migrations. – To increase the activity of advertising operations in order to popularize regional hunting and eco-tourism in environmental education of population, the positioning of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic as an ecologically advanced territory; – Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov and Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University named after V.M. Kokov should train the experts in the field of recreational environmental management for ecological tour conduct. – To propose to the business community of the Republic to work out the issue of a hunting intermediary company creation, which will undoubtedly allow to promote regional hunting and eco-tourism taking into account environmental sustainability and productive longevity of natural systems.
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