Comparison of the Safety and Health of the Swimming Pools in Kerman with International Standards

Author Name: Tabandeh Amiri*, Kourosh Ghahraman Tabrizi
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This study aims to compare the safety and health of the swimming pools in Kerman with international standards. This is a survey type study; it is applied in terms of the objectives and is conducted through fieldwork.  The population of this study was all 20 swimming pools in Kerman. A researcher-made tool was used for data collection (pool Safety and health checklist). To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency and frequency percentage and charts) and inferential statistics (one-sample T test and chi-square) were used. The results showed that there are significant differences between components of facilities safety, equipment safety, and hygiene in swimming pools in Kerman with international standards. In such situations, managers should strive to promote and improve swimming pools safety.


Today, sport is an integral part of human life and physical education specialists insist on its impact on physical and mental health (Health and safety Pools guidelines, 2006). A variety of sports require facilities and tools. Developments and advancement in technology and sports equipment have taken place worldwide (Josephie, 1993). Along with population growth and expanding of cities, the need for sport facilities and equipment has been increased (Mehraein, 2002). Environmental health in the swimming pool space is one of the critical issues, wherein cleanness and pure are of utmost importance and  health care professionals in their annual report demonstrate prevalence of digestive diseases, parasites and fungi such as diarrhea, typhoid, typhoid fever, eczema, ringworm and eye and ear infections through the unsanitary pools (Rashidpur, 1994). On one hand, to reduce injuries, accidents and lifeguard in swimming pools, it is necessary to evaluate the performance of coaches, savior lifeguard and users. Thus, this article while reviewing the history and establishment of swimming pools in the world, discusses literature regarding the safety and health status in the swimming pools inside and outside the country (Salimie, 2012).



There are significant differences between safety installations component with the criterion score in pools of Kerman and based on descriptive findings, the average in this component was calculated (36.95), which was lower than the score criteria and standard level. The results of this study are consistent with previous results by Rezai (2014), Salimie et al., (2013), Blackman and Kennedy (2009), Sadeghie (2012) and Mashayekhie (2017), but are inconsistent with the results of studies by Nyamng (2005), Mirbolooki Aisec (2016). In connection with the results of the study and the contradiction between the results of some studies, it appears that the difference in sociological factors could be considered as influencing factors in the study. In fact, the difference in these components led to the management differences and subsequently in the department style differences. In addition, given the importance of low productivity in government agencies, attention to the rule of law, employee engagement, organizational climate, motivation factors, etc will affect the amount of task-oriented and organizational efforts, consequently, differences in organizations in various studies have produced some mixed results and caused a conflict in the research results. Generally in the explanation of the result of the study, it could be stated that in both private and public organizations, modern facility purchasing is dependent on many factors such as infrastructures, financial resources, human resources, and competitive culture of the site. All these mentioned- above factors together lead to an appropriate equipment in sports complex both in quantity and quality dimensions. In addition to these factors, sport complex management should take steps to improve equipment quality and creates knowledge to maintain and update its procedures as well as modify its behavior experience in site’s facility equipment in order to adapt itself with the new changes in daily maintenance techniques. The results showed that there is significant difference between equipment safety components and standard score in pools of Kerman and based on the descriptive findings, the component’s average was calculated (33.76), which was lower than the standard score. The results of the study are consistent with previous results by Salimi et al., (2014), Rezaei (2014), Mashayekhie (2010) and Blackman and Kennedy (2009), Sadeghie (2012) and Kmanly (2014), but are in contradiction with the results by Mirbolookie Aisec (2016). In this connection, and in explaining the results, it should be said that international standards in the field of scientific equipment are updated and variable that requires extensive study. Whereas in public swimming pools (especially in public pools), a scientific look to the issue has been completely forgotten. On the other hand, in addition to standard equipment purchasing, the maintenance of this equipment is of great importance. Equipment maintenance is improved with the help of existing technologies and it seems that this issue has been ignored in the pools. In this respect, it should be noted that the skills learned and created by employees in the field of equipment are forgotten and disappeared over time. Therefore, storage, organization and retrieving knowledge necessary to maintain the equipment as well as pay attention to the memory of the old staff will be important and have beneficial results. Thus, buying updated equipment is not itself adequate and some mechanisms are needed to store them. Furthermore, it seems that attention to the standard equipment buying is an important thing that has been neglected in the studied pools led to differences in general quality of the sites built with international standards especially in equipment section. The results showed that there is significant difference between the components of health status and the criterion score in pools of Kerman, and based on the descriptive findings, the average of the component was calculated (31.05), which was lower than the standard score. The results of the study are consistent with results of the study by Salimi et al., (2013), Rezaei (2014), Sadeghie (2012) and Mashayekhie (2016) but are in contradiction with the results of study by Hossein Zadeh (2014) and Mirbolookie Aisec (2015), Jonathan and Cavalli (2015). According to the results of the study, it is recommended to the managers of these pools to take action to resolve deficiencies by providing guidance and facilities maps as well as more attention to the participation of specialists in the design and development of sites. They also suggest that the importance of safety equipment to improve the quality level of the complex should be initially explained for the staff. Also, investments in daily health of pools, creating certain indicators to remove unsanitary cases, and the establishment of factors to assess health status are critical actions for mitigation and resolving deficiencies.

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